Farhad Khosrojerdi, Hamed Motaghi, Stéphane Gagnon, (2023), “Digital Transformation: Prior to and Following the Pandemic”, chapter 5 in: Faghih, N., Forouharfar, A. (eds), “Biopolitics and Shock Economy of COVID-19“. Contributions to Economics. Springer, Cham, pp.139-152, ISBN 978-3-031-27886-0. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-27886-0_5

Abstract: COVID-19 has negatively affected business operations and drastically threatened different ongoing organizational changes. Digital transformation has been considered a unique way of improving performance and business operations in the new digital world. However, the immediate shutdown caused by the pandemic and the lack of preparation for implementing digital transformation influenced most industries. This chapter outlines the negative implications of COVID-19 on transferring to digital solutions as well as revealed prospects. In this regard, the outcomes of implementing digital transformation in several sectors are reviewed. Assessing these impacts addresses the benefits and drawbacks associated with digitalized solutions. We highlight the beginning of the year 2020, the announcement of the global pandemic, as an important timeline for evaluating the contributions of published papers. Furthermore, we emphasize that papers published following the epidemic in addition to considering the impacts should be included in future research studies in this field.